With the advent of the Internet in human life, various digital products with this technology have opened their way to our world. One of these digital products is websites. Today, most people are well acquainted with the sites and have complete information about their performance. These products and tools have made our lives easier in the first place. Many things like information, online shopping, communication between people in the community and the world, etc. are done by these products; Therefore, it is very important to be familiar with their space.

If you are one of those people who are dealing with the digital world, you know what programming is and how the tools needed today work through coding and programming. As the Internet became more and more advanced, websites became more and more aligned with these changes, so that new concepts were added to the list of terms in the computer world; One of these terms is Front-End.

You may be wondering, what is Front-End programming?  To get this question, you must first have a definition of front and its opposite is back -end. If you are interested in the world of technology and website design, we suggest you stay tuned. 

What is Front and End?

To define this specialty, we must first refer to the meaning of the word Front in the dictionary, which means: forward, forward, forward, forward, facing, and the like. Therefore, it can be concluded that Front-End expertise refers to the front and front sections. That is, all the parts that the user interacts with and communicates with; Hence it is also called Client Side. The designer or coder of this section is called the Front-End Developer. Everything that the front coder designs, the user and the audience see.

What is the difference between Back-End and Front-Front-End?

To understand the concept of front and back, you must first know that the two terms front and front and back and end are conceptually contradictory and are used in two completely different meanings. In this way, backend coding refers to all the sections that the user does not see, and these sections facilitate the efficiency and speed of the website. Such sections are programmed by a back -end developer. If we want to have an example in this regard, the database case is a good option. The database is the part of the website that gets the information it needs that needs to be coded. Website users and audiences do not see these codes and how the website and database interact.

So far, we have talked about the exact meaning of Front and its difference from Backend. In the next section, we look at the differences between UI and Front-end design.

What is the difference between UI Designer and Front-End?

The UI Designer, like the front-end programmer, does not code himself, but designs the various elements of the page. The tool is the interface designer of Photoshop and Sketch or Xd ; So what the user interface designer does includes the graphic sections of the site design, but Front & Developer codifies those sections.

What are front-end programming languages?

Due to the wide range of programming languages, today you can use a variety of them to complete your front and end projects. But in the meantime, the three most important languages ​​that every professional needs to learn are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Over time, each of these three items came in the form of new languages, including new versions. For example, typewriting was created as an improved version of Java, and then coding was used with some frameworks, such as Angular. In the following, we will talk more about these three specialized languages.

HTML language

HTML is a markup programming language used to develop front-end sites and web applications. This language is abbreviated to Hypertext Markup Language. After the release of the first version in 1373, it has been regularly updated and in each version of it, new and useful features have been added, the latest version of which is HTML5. This language is designed so that even beginners and novices can easily start their work by learning it. On the other hand, since HTML is used in most sites on the Internet, it can be considered one of the most common languages ​​in computer science. Here are some of its features to make you more familiar with HTML.

  • Ease of learning HTML and using its tags
  • Platform independence and no need for dependencies
  • Ability to add images, videos and audio files and…
  • Provide the ability to insert hypertext into texts
  • Simplicity in using HTML as a markup language
  • Use flexible methods to design web pages and their text; and

The advantages of using HTML are in the front

As we have said, HTML is a practical language in front end design and has many advantages, the most important of which are mentioned below. This explains why one of the designers’ favorite languages ​​is Front.

  • Widely used in web page.
  • Supported in most common browsers.
  • The time required to learn it is short.
  • It can be used in Windows and there is no need to buy additional software.
  • The syntax is very flexible.
  • It is possible to use different types of templates.
  • Its service is free of charge and at no extra cost.

Disadvantages of using HTML are front-end

In general, most of the technological tools available in the computer world, in addition to the advantages, also have disadvantages. In this section, we will introduce some of the problems associated with using HTML in front-end design.

  • It is not possible to create dynamic pages using HTML.
  • Creating structure for HTML documents comes with many challenges.
  • Due to the rudimentary and simple nature of this language, there are limited security features for it.

CSS programming language

By using CSS, which is derived from the term Cascading Style Sheets, we can create a suitable and user-friendly look for our website style. In fact, this language determines how the elements of the web page are placed and is considered as a tool to attract the user to the website. This programming language is used to convert a document into a form and format that can be used by contacts. This is especially important for browsers such as Firefox and Edge, and is used to transfer documents to pages, printers, and projectors. Some of its important and key features can be mentioned as follows:

  • Existence of selectors in CSS
  • Ability to apply various settings such as changing the text alignment, adjusting the empty space of a document and the line style
  • Visual display suitable for starting pseudocodes

The advantages of using CSS are in the front

For years, CSS has been recognized as a practical and simple tool among front-end designers. This language offers many advantages in user-side designs, some of which are mentioned below:

  • Saving time
  • Easy maintenance and survival
  • Ability to change web standards

Disadvantages of using CSS are front-end

In this section, you will learn about some of the negative effects that CSS may have on front-end designs. It should be noted that the advantages of this language still outweigh its disadvantages. For this reason, it can be used as a styling language related to Front End.

  • Possibility of problems between browsers
  • Multilevel architecture and confusion


JavaScript, also known as JS for short, is a high-level interpretive language. This language is designed to implement hard and complex features on pages. You can count on using this language to create a dynamic movement on your site at any time, such as displaying content updates, 2D and 3D animated graphics, interactive maps, and more!

Interactive sites can be created using JS; For this reason, this language is an application part of web applications. Some of the important features of this language are as follows:

  • Object-Centered Scripting Language
  • Validation of user inputs

The advantages of using JavaScript are in the front

Given the importance and many applications of JavaScript in front-end design, we need to introduce some examples of the unique benefits of this language in this section.

  • Server overhead
  • Rich and professional user interface
  • Ability to expand web pages

Disadvantages of using JavaScript in Front

Here are some of the problems that JS language may cause in front-end design:

  • Security issues due to JavaScript code running on the user’s system
  • This language may be interpreted differently in each browser.

In addition to these, which are the most important application languages ​​in the field of user-side design, there are other languages ​​in this field, which we will introduce in the following:

  • React
  • JQuery
  • TypeScript
  • Elm
  • SASS 

What skills do we need to become a front end specialist?

Now that you are somewhat familiar with Front & Programming, it is time to tell you how you can become an expert in this field and what skills you need. User-side design of websites is one of the most important aspects of a business. Because this is the first portal that the employer communicates with his audience, and if the site does not look good, this opportunity will be lost! Therefore, those who want to work in this field and become experts should be able to strengthen the required skills in this field. In the following, we want to introduce you to the most important skills that a front programmer should have.

Learning are important front programming languages

The first skill a front-end specialist must have is a professional ability in programming using JavaScript, HTML and CSS languages. This section of the site is easier to code than other sections, and there are many resources on the Internet to speed up your learning process. In addition, you can find a solution to any questions you may have in the Q&A forums.

Familiarity with Front and JavaScript libraries and frameworks

Due to the high standards of the JavaScript programming language, a variety of implementations can be performed using it. For this reason, new and custom frameworks are added to the JS suite from time to time. These frameworks give you unique features, including Angular, Vu.js, and more.

Familiarity with the principles of reactive design

A professional user interface should be such that it does not interfere with the performance of the application on different devices and platforms. Therefore, it should be able to show the best possible response depending on the type of device it is running. If the user interface is not designed properly, the value of the site or application will be lost, and the user will not work with your product.

Learn graphic software such as Photoshop

Consider designing a page with high German complexity. However, before you start coding, it is better to create the design using Photoshop and implement it after the agreement of the team members and the employer. Graphics software such as Figma, Adobe XD, and are used in most user interface design steps. So, learning at least one of them is essential for a front programmer.

High taste and creativity

A user-side expert should be able to use creative, user-friendly and eye-catching designs to make an app or site look great. A successful designer is someone who can create a beautiful user interface that meets the standards of appearance and user experience. It is the creation of these visual differences and attractive designs that will set your work apart from other people active in this field.

Familiarity with the principles of user experience

The developer of Front End must be well acquainted with the needs of the users. He must be able to design the UI of an application so that the audience gets the best experience while using it. In fact, the key to the success of a user-side programmer is to know the user and his needs, and in the next step to be able to design and implement a page based on those needs.

How is learning front-end programming?

If you decide to go it cheap and risk the low bandwidth you are only fooling yourself. As mentioned in the previous sections, one of the main skills that any front designer must have is the ability to work with important programming languages ​​in this field. So it’s clear that you need to make learning and mastering these languages ​​part of your learning curve. But the point is, learning multiple languages ​​will not make you a front-end programmer! But following other tips in this regard can be effective in achieving your goal. In order to learn this profession, you need to pay attention to the following:

Raise your awareness

Awareness in all professions, including site programming, is essential. To raise your awareness, you can read authoritative articles, books and resources about Front End specialization. By gaining an understanding of how the site works, you can also better understand the different coding languages. Even watching educational videos on YouTube”https://watch.wave.video/e52gMXgDE153XwL1” to summarize what you have learned can help you in this regard.

Always practice and spend more time learning

Practicing plays an important role in increasing the efficiency and skills of developers. For this reason, once you have the necessary skills, be sure to practice and do small things and projects so that you can find your mistakes and correct them. Do not be afraid to do the project; Because you will never become a front end programmer unless you practice.

Try to understand the concepts well

When learning and pursuing a career in web design, you should have at least a good understanding of the basic concepts of web design, such as file display, system menu, and more. This way you can access the functions of the operating system. Other points to keep in mind when learning this profession include the following:

What is the income and labor market of a front end specialist?

In general, it can be said that the future of those who are learning front is bright and a good job market awaits them. According to the latest studies, in 2020, the United States alone faced a shortage of about 1 million web developers, and the same is true in other parts of the world. Therefore, it can be predicted that employment in programming and web development will increase by 15% by 2026.

If we want to talk about the income of this profession, we must say that in the world, the income of this group of specialists is between 65 thousand to 110 thousand dollars, which in Iran starts from three million tomans and depending on the job, over ten million Toman also arrives. There are many titles for those who work in this field. Therefore, the number of receipts is different, and it is not possible to mention a certain amount for it.

Final conclusion

In this article, we look at what Front-End is. As we mentioned in the text, the Front-End world is different from the -Back End, and each works on different parts. Another important point to know is that the work of these two areas has a completely different effect on the quality; So, in a way they can be considered complementary.

Also, the world of Front and End is different from UI Designer ; They may be similar in appearance, but in practice and expertise, they are two completely separate branches. We hope you find this article useful. Which area of ​​programming do you think is more important? User-side programming or server-side programming? Give us your good comments.